How GPS Tracking Works
Vehicle tracking is the process of taking location data and relaying it to a user. Cellular or satellite communication may be used to facilitate data transmission. Wi-Fi, RFID, and other types of radio broadcasts are also viable possibilities. Vehicle tracking data is typically maintained on a server for users or third-party systems to access when needed.
Most GPS tracking data is plotted on a map or provided to third-party services. Third-party mapping services, such as Bing or Google, are commonly used. Fleet tracking companies use this information to allow fleet managers to monitor the history of vehicle travel on maps and make business decisions based on it.
GPS tracking employs the satellite-based Global Positioning System (GPS) to deliver position information for anything on Earth that has a receiver. The GPS satellites orbit the Earth twice daily, transmitting signals to the millions of GPS receivers on the ground. These receivers calculate the receiver user's actual location using a technique called triangulation. A GPS receiver can compute the user's 3D position if it receives signals from four or more of the orbiting GPS satellites. The receiver can then calculate other information as well.
Real-Time GPS Tracking
Internally, GPS tracking devices capture data, which is then transmitted to a base server via cellular or satellite networks. Before saving the data, the server decodes and decrypts it. The user can then utilise a user interface to obtain the data almost instantly. Optional alerts, which may be configured to send text messages or emails based on particular occurrences such as geofence violations and a variety of other actions, are frequently included with tracking systems. Companies may then utilise this information to generate reports, plan routes, use integrated fleet dispatching software, integrate fuel card integrations etc.